Appendix to “Three Bodies”

The Bible, as we have it, seems to indicate that Adam and Eve had three sons, Cain, Abel and Seth (Gen 4,1,2,25; item #25a in “Three Bodies”; little significance is given to the fact that “other sons and daughters” were born to Adam after the birth of Seth, Gen 5,4). And so they did, but from this picture theology, without anthroposophy, again applies its formless documentary hypothesis under which the Kenan line of descent in Gen 5,12 et seq. is attributed to a different source than the Cain line in Gen 4,17-24. The anthroposophist can indeed see a difference in the two accounts, but it is a difference coming not from documents but from different stages in the descent of the human being, the Prodigal Son. Anthroposophists who read about the three sons of Adam and Eve might be troubled by the cryptic account Steiner gave in The Temple Legend (TL), Lects. 5 (pp. 49-59, see also Notes at 345-350), 7 (pp. 73-85), 11 (pp. 141-147), 17 (pp. 237-246) and 18 (pp. 255-263). This cycle was introduced in “Widow’s Son.” It will help to understand what is about to be presented if the reader will review the origin of the phrase in the passage there quoted from Lect. 6. The Cain element is that from which the passion-free direct spiritual light (the Father principle) in the soul has withdrawn (in Biblical terminology, “hidden its face,” as in Mysteries). The maternal soul is thus “widowed,” so that the human being in that condition is a “widow’s son.” While its paragons in scripture have been exalted initiates, they represent the archetypes of, and thus the term applies generally to, humanity in the fourth and fifth Cultural Eras of our post-Atlantean Epoch, the Greco-Roman (747 B.C.-A. D. 1414) and the present Germanic or European (A.D. 1414-3574); see I-19 and I-24. Ours is a time of applying intellect to the outer world, an activity which is a two-edged sword. On the one hand, the Ahrimanic (Satanic, see I-32) temptation to materiality is overpowering. On the other, humanity must prevail over the outer world in a process of sublimation, a process which can only be accomplished through intaking the etheric “Blood” of Christ. The divine intelligence necessary for this to evolve is administered by the Archangel Michael (under his immediate predecessor who is now an Archai, a time spirit), whose regency commenced again in 1879 (see I-19).

The two introductory paragraphs of the passage quoted below, from TL, Lect. 5, not themselves directly a part of the legend, are included to demonstrate how a “Seed,” once sown into the human soul, comes to fruition at a later time, or incarnation, as a part of the working of the wondrous “mysteries” of God (cf. Rom 11,33):

We have spoken about various legends which contain esoteric truths in the pictures which they present. These were given to man in this form at a time when he was not mature enough to receive the truths directly. These pictures took hold of man’s “causal” body20— that part of man which bore the germ of his future Higher Manas— and thus made him ready to understand the truths directly in a future incarnation.

I would like now to show one such legend as this which dates back only a few centuries and is still extant today in many versions. It is the following. [Footnotes, though worthwhile, are omitted].

At the beginning of the fifteenth century a personality appeared in Europe who had been initiated into certain secrets in the East. This was Christian Rosenkreutz. By the time this incarnation of Christian Rosenkreutz [see “Pillars on the Journey”] had come to an end, he had initiated about ten other people into such matters as he himself had learned through initiation—insofar as this was possible among Europeans at that time. This small brotherhood called itself “Fraternitae Rosae Crucis,” the Brotherhood of the Rose Cross. This small group of people then gave a certain legend to a larger, more exoteric fraternity, through whom it then became generally known to the world.

Christian Rosenkreutz himself had revealed certain deep secrets of the Mysteries to those people who were sufficiently prepared to receive them. But, as I said, there were not more than ten in this small circle, consisting of initiated Rosicrucians. What was taught by Christian Rosenkreutz could not be imparted to many people, but it was embodied in a kind of myth. Since it was first given out in the fifteenth century, it has often been repeated and explained in the various brotherhoods. It was told in larger brotherhoods, but was interpreted only in intimate circles.

This is the approximate content:

There was a time when one of the Elohim created a human being whom he called Eve. That Elohim united himself with Eve and she gave birth to Cain. After this, another Elohim, named Yahveh, created Adam. Adam also united himself with Eve and from this union came Abel.

Thus we see that Cain is a direct descendant of the gods, but Abel is a descendant of Adam and Eve who are human. Now the myth proceeds:

The sacrifices which Abel made to Yahveh were pleasing to him, but the sacrifices brought by Cain did not please him because the birth of Cain was not ordained by him. The result was that Cain committed fratricide. He killed Abel and for this he was excluded from communion with Yahveh. He went away into distant lands and founded his own race there.

Adam again united himself with Eve and from this union came Seth, also mentioned in the Bible, who took over the role of Abel. Thus we have two generations of mankind: the race of Cain, who was a descendant of Eve and one of the Elohim, and the other race which had human parentage and was brought into existence at the command of Yahveh.

Among the descendants of Cain are those who have been creators of art and science, as, for instance, Methuselah [Methushael, Gen 4,18], the inventor of the Tau script, and Tubal-Cain, who taught the use of working of metal ores and iron. In this line of descent, stemming from the Elohim, were all those who trained themselves in the arts and sciences.

Hiram also descended from the race of Cain, and he was the inheritor of all that had been learned by the others of his line in technology and art. He was the most significant architect we can imagine.

Out of Seth’s line came Solomon, who excelled in everything which came from Yahveh. He was endowed with the wisdom of the world and all the attributes of calm, clear, objective wisdom. This wisdom can be expressed in words which go straight to the human heart and can uplift a person, but it is unable to produce anything tangible of a technical nature, in art or science. It is a wisdom which is a directly inspired gift of God and not attained from below through human passions welling up from the human will—that would be the wisdom pertaining to the sons of Cain, a legacy of the other Elohim, not Yahveh. They are the hardworking industrious ones who seek to accomplish everything through their own efforts.

The intriguing account goes on, telling of how the Queen of Sheba, who came first to and wedded Solomon, became enamored of Hiram stimulating intense jealousy between the two men, as a consequence of which Solomon conspired against Hiram. The temple was complete save for the casting of the Molten Sea for which Hiram had completed all preparations. But he had to watch three inept apprentices, angry because he had not promoted them, misdirect its casting with Solomon’s complicity. As Hiram watched its disintegration in burning flames, his ancestor, Tubal-cain appeared to him saying that he should cast himself invincibly into the fire, which he did, and was thus led by Tubal-cain to Cain to be initiated into the Mystery of Fire. From Tubal-cain he received a hammer and a Golden Triangle which he was to carry round his neck. He returned and was able to complete the proper casting of the Molten Sea, whereupon the Queen of Sheba consented to become his bride. He was then attacked by the three apprentices, but before he died he managed to throw the Golden Triangle into a well. Solomon and others were worried by his disappearance. After a search he was found, and in his dying act pointed to the place where the Golden Triangle was to be found. It was brought to the Molten Sea and both were preserved together in the Holy of Holies, to be discovered there only by those who can understand the meaning of the legend of the Temple of Solomon and its Master Builder Hiram.

Three Bodies, Page 13
Three Bodies, Appendix Page 2